Rats and Mice
These types of rodents are called ” Commensal”, effectively they live of mans table.
The commensal rodent species considered as pests in Britain are :
The Norway, Common, Sewer or Brown Rat “Rattus norvegicus”
Has been recorded in Britain since early in the 18th century. A rat of the developed urban environment, and found in largely developed towns and cities Where refuse collects and drains and sewers have been introduced. It is largely a terrestrial burrowing specie, so lives mainly outdoors. But can and does find its way indoors, due to external activity. It is the species often associated with sewer systems, and water. The female Norway Rat can give birth every 28 days and this can rapidly increase your rat population.
The Ship, Roof or Black Rat “Rattus rattus”
Discovered in Roman deposits in York and London dating back to the 3rd and 4th centuries. Once the dominant rat species in this country, is now rare and occasionally found in some inland towns, that are linked to ports by canals. In Britain it lives only indoors and is not found in sewers. They are excellent climbers, and are equally at home on or off the ground. The female black rat can give birth every 28 days and this can rapidly increase your rat population.
The House Mouse “Mus domestica”
Believed to have arrived in Britain around the 10th century BC. It is common in a wide range of urban and rural buildings all over Britain. It is mainly a house dweller, ( nests in doors ) it lives very little outdoors. House mice do not like getting wet. Due to there small size, making it difficult for them to keep warm and retain there body heat. They are able to cope with cold conditions if the environment is dry and if they have access to nesting material to make warm nests. The female House Mouse can give birth every 21 days and this can rapidly increase your mice population.
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