Bedbug “Cimex lectularius”
The bed bug is found throughout the world, and the UK, People associate the Bed Bug infestations with dirt and squalor. But nothing could be further from the truth, with well clean run establishments suffering as well as the more likely premises. Bed Bugs do not live on the host, but mainly in the vicinity of the hosts sleeping area. In the day it hides away in tiny cracks and crevices, or behind wall paper that is peeling away. In Your typical bedroom, Bed Bugs would be found in the frame of the bed, in the bedside furniture, seams of nearby curtains, behind electrical sockets and Switches, even in clocks and radios. It is a nocturnal parasite, feeding at night off the blood from its host. Thou only 6mm in length can cause a lot of misery, and stress to the person that it feeds on. Even thou Bed Bugs feed exclusively on blood and there is an apparent possibility of disease transmission, they have not shown to be a regular disease carrier. It is reported that a continual feeding on young children can lead to anaemia and that Hepatitis B can be transmitted but the evidence and occurrence of this is scant. When not fed. The body is much flattened, and is of an oval shape. It is a red-brown changing to dark mahogany colour when recently fed. When fully fed their bodies take on a more oval appearance. They produce a characteristic smell from their faces and scent.
Although not known as a disease carrier, the bites can cause a severe allergic reaction in some people. They have well developed long legs for walking and gripping onto surfaces. Female bed bugs lay between 200-500 eggs over a two month period, and are able to reproduce all year round. The eggs are visible to the naked eye measuring 1 mm in length and are a milky-white tone in colour. At room temperature, it takes about 5 weeks for a bed bug to pass from hatching, through to maturity, at which point they become reproductively active. The control of Bed Bugs has to be thorough and time consuming approach is essential for good control. Rooms have to be dismantled before treatment can begin and rarely will a single treatment be sufficient to control all the stages. A planned approach is necessary. Linen, curtains, and clothes, these need to be removed and treated separately. Bed Bug eggs are extremely resistant to physical attack. Only a hot wash (60 C) for 30 minutes will kill them or hot setting in a tumble drier for 30 minutes. Beds with head boards will have to be separated from there bed frames, also removing draws from your furniture. Preparation and thoroughness of the treatment is vital to the eradication of The Bed Bug.